Sodium, Serum

Code

5655

Principle

Sodium is the major cation of extracellular fluid; it plays an essential role in the normal distribution of water and in the maintenance of osmotic pressure in extracellular fluid compartments. Decreased levels of sodium may be caused by an excessive use of diuretics,prolonged vomiting, a decrease in the intake of sodium in the diet,and metabolic acidosis. Increased levels of sodium may be found in Cushing’s syndrome, severe dehydration, or in high levels of salt intake without an adequate supply of water.

Preanalytical

1 mL Serum Refrigerated

Turn Around Time

1 day

Methodology

Ion-selective electrode diluted (Indirect)